From John Thomson and Adolphe Smith, ‘Street Life in London’, 1877. Source: LSE Library Flickr

I am a social historian of food and cities in early modern Europe.

Between 2016 and 2019 I completed a PhD in history at Birkbeck, University of London. My thesis, ‘Selling food in the streets of London, c. 1600–1750’, considered the work and  significance of poor women and men selling fish, oysters, fruit, vegetables and ready-to-eat snacks, beyond the markets and shops of the formal economy. In 2019–20 I held the Economic History Society’s Anniversary Fellowship at the Institute of Historical Research, University of London. Currently I am a research fellow at Trinity College Dublin, part of the ERC-funded FoodCult project, on the history of food in early modern Ireland.


Street Food: Hawkers and the History of London (Oxford University Press, forthcoming)

‘Licensing the informal economy in early modern Europe: food hawkers in London and Naples’, London Journal (forthcoming)

‘Moral marketplaces: regulating food markets in late Elizabethan and early Stuart London’, Urban History 48:4 (2021), pp 608–624,

‘Consider the oyster seller: street hawkers and gendered stereotypes in early modern London’, History Workshop Journal 88 (2019), pp. 1–23,

‘Local and global foodways’, ‘The art of street food’, and ‘Eating out and eating outside’, in Melissa Calaresu and Vicky Avery (eds.), Feast & Fast: The Art of Food in Europe 1500–1800 (London, 2019), pp. 59–60, 98–101, 178–79